Based on the cancer registry data it is estimated that there will be about 800,000 new cancer cases in India every year. At any given point there is likely to be 3 times this load that about 240,000 cases. Cancer sites associated with tobacco form 35 to 50% of all cancers in men and about 17% of cancers in women. These cancers are amenable to primary prevention and can be controlled to a large extent.
Despite these sobering numbers, medical professionals have made significant strides in understanding the biology of cancer cells, leading to better cancer diagnosis and therapy.
Doctors have made enormous strides in understanding the biology of cancer cells. As a result, they have been able to improve the detection and treatment of cancer despite these dismal numbers. Years ago, the American Cancer Society created this helpful reminder:
C: Change in bowel or bladder habits
A: A sore that does not heal
U: Unusual bleeding or discharge
T: Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere
I: Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing
O: Obvious change in a wart or mole
N: Nagging cough or hoarseness
Just use it as a preliminary outline. Although most of these signs and symptoms are due to noncancerous conditions, some cancers can create characters and symptoms that aren't on the list, such as weight loss or weariness. In any case, it serves as a helpful prompt to pay attention to one's physical state and communicate any signs of discomfort to one's physician.
Much of what we know about cancer prevention is still evolving. But it is generally known that your lifestyle choices can affect your risk of developing cancer. Making even modest adjustments to your daily routine can reduce your risk of developing cancer. Take into account the following 10 guidelines to avoid cancer:
Avoid tobacco in all of its forms, including passive smoking and being around others who are smoking. It is not necessary to have a degree in international science to comprehend how you might work to safeguard your loved ones and yourself.
Take care of your diet. Reduce your red meat and saturated fat diet, both of which have been linked to an increased risk of colon cancer and a more aggressive form of prostate cancer. Raise the percentage of your diet that is comprised of fruits, vegetables, and grains that are whole.
Maintain a healthy weight. The chance of developing a variety of cancers is raised by obesity. Because of this, people who want to lose weight should consume fewer calories and increase the number of calories they burn through physical activity.
Exercise regularly. Research has found that people who exercise regularly had a lower risk of developing colon cancer. There is evidence that women who exercise regularly have a lower chance of developing breast and perhaps reproductive malignancies. Even if you maintain the same weight, exercising regularly will still be beneficial to your health.
Avoid alcohol or limit your drink to 1 drink per day, if you choose to drink. The more alcohol you consume and the longer you have been drinking regularly, the higher your risk of developing a variety of cancers, including cancer of the breast, colon, lung, kidney, and liver. This risk also increases with the amount of alcohol you consume.
Steer clear of diseases that may increase your risk of developing cancer, such as hepatitis viruses, HIV, and the human papillomavirus. Many are spread in a sexual manner or through the use of infected needles. Talk to your doctor about vaccination against Hepatitis B and Human papillomavirus (HPV).
Avoid coming into contact with environmental and industrial contaminants such as asbestos fibres, benzene, aromatic amines, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).
Avoid undue radiation exposure. Only obtain medical imaging studies when it is really necessary. Radon, a carcinogenic gas that can be found in homes, is linked to an increased risk of lung cancer. Take precautions to avoid the harmful effects of UV radiation from the sun, which has been shown to increase the likelihood of developing melanomas and other forms of skin cancer. However, you shouldn't be concerned about the radiofrequency or electromagnetic radiation that can be emitted by microwaves and cell phones as well as high-voltage power lines. They are not a cancer-causing agent.
Get an adequate amount of vitamin D. The daily intake of vitamin D should be increased to between 800 and 1,000 international units, which is a target that is extremely difficult to achieve without the use of a supplement. There is some evidence that vitamin D may help reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer, colon cancer, and possibly even other types of cancer.
Make getting sufficient sleep a top priority. Though the evidence between sleep and cancer is not very strong. On the other hand, having a poor quality of sleep or not getting enough of it is linked to weight gain, which is a risk factor for cancer.
Disclaimer: No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinicians.